Monarchy is a form of government started in the 19th century where different societies value their Kings and Queens as much as they are entitled to make laws, decide on sanctions that will be given to criminals of the society and known to lead wars and colonization of nations. These Kings or Queens were followed by the people without question because it is believed that the gods have chosen them. This is most common in ancient Babylon and Old England.
Today, monarchy is a type of government which is often paired with the United Kingdom since it is the country which has monarchy as a form of government. Nonetheless, monarchy, in general, is a type of government where a King or Queen acts as the head of the state. Now, only 44 countries have monarchy as a type of government including the United Kingdom, Japan, Mongolia, China and Middle Eastern countries. This monarchy type of government has different variations depending on the role played by the monarch.
When the monarch assumes no legal or political restraints, this type of monarchy is autocracy and is called absolute monarchy. Constitutional monarchy, a type of monarchy which is common nowadays, is characterized by a monarch who has no legal or political responsibilities. The mere role of the monarch in this type is merely representational and symbolic. Hereditary and elective monarchies are also types of monarchy. The first is characterized by the passing of title to a family member, hence the name, while the latter is characterized by a system of voting.
In the absolute type of monarchy, the King or Queen leads the country, makes sure the rules are followed and gives sanction to rule breakers. This type of government can be seen in Saudi Arabia. A less autocratic role is assumed by a monarch in a constitutional monarchy type as the monarch is also subject to the laws. The role of a monarch here is to perform symbolic and cultural roles as well as to give pardon and grant honours of the people. in other forms of monarchy, their role greatly depends on the political system they are in.